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Chandrayaan-3: Is it a boon or doom?


Chandrayaan-3

Is this moon landing going to be successful?

Is India going to benefit from such heavy investment?

Has ISRO been working hard on this mission?


July 14th, 2023 at 2:35 PM IST, Sriharikota will see the launch of yet another attempt by the Indian Space Research Organization(ISRO) for the mission Chandrayaan-3.


After the success of Mangalyaan on 24th September 2014, every Indian’s eye turned toward Mission Chandrayaan-2 which had the following objectives:-


  1. To map and study the variations in lunar surface composition as well as the location and abundance of lunar water.

  2. To conduct In situ scientific experiments.

  3. Develop and demonstrate new technologies required for Interplanetary Missions.


October 2008 saw the launch of India’s Chandrayaan-1 rocket, whose purpose was to orbit the moon 100 Km above the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical, and photo geologic mapping of the moon. With a budget of Rs. 386 crores, the mission was a big success considering its big achievements, like the discovery of the presence of water molecules in the lunar soil and many more.


With the success of Chandrayaan-1, its next phase Chandrayaan-2 was planned and saw its launch on 22nd July 2019 from Satish Dhawan Space Station at Sriharikota. It was going to be a big step for India and the entire nation’s eyes were on the rocket. The famous Vikram lander was supposed to touch the surface of the moon on 6th September 2019, but unfortunately, the crash happened. According to a failure analysis report submitted to ISRO, the crash was caused by a software glitch.


Now comes the year 2023, which will see the launch of India’s attempt to rectify its mistake and achieve what it couldn’t last time with Chandrayaan-3. Its principal objectives this time are:-


  1. To demonstrate safe and soft landing and roving capabilities on the lunar surface.

  2. To conduct In situ scientific experiments.

  3. Develop and demonstrate new technologies required for Interplanetary Missions.



With a whopping budget of Rs. 615 Crores, ISRO has worked hard on the mission. The previous rocket carried only one larger hazard detection and avoidance camera, but this time it’s carrying two of them which are being claimed to be more robustly made than the previous one. ISRO has also conducted a lander leg mechanism performance test to ensure the strength of the legs.


While Chandrayaan-2 was equipped with an Orbiter, Vikram Lander, and Pragyan rover, this time the rocket is equipped with a Lander Module(LM), Propulsion Module(PM), and a rover. The launch vehicle for the rocket remains the same as the previous one, which is Launch Vehicle Mark-III. The rocket is timed to reach the moon and soft-land on August 23 or 24.


India has always learned from its mistakes and has never given up. Taking a setback from the previous mission failure, the people at ISRO had worked day and night to make this mission a success. It does take time, but India achieves what it wants to in the end.


In the words of Pele, a Brazilian soccer player, Success is no accident. It is hard work, perseverance, learning, studying, sacrifice, and most of all, love of what you are doing or learning to do.


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