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Israel-Palestine Issue

The Israel and Palestine issue is probably the most controversial and complex geopolitical issue of the last decades. This conflict came from the intercommunal violence in Mandatory Palestine between Israelis and Arabs from 1920 and erupted into full-scale hostilities in the 1947–48 civil war. Israel and Palestine agreed to find a peaceful solution in 1993 but the solution was never found. Before world war, I, the middle east region, including the ottoman Syria, was under the control of the Ottoman Empire for around 400 years. The roots of the conflict can be traced to the late 19th century, with the rise of national movements, including Zionism and Arab nationalism. When Hitler got political power, because of his hate for Jewish people and way of expressing it, Jewish people migrated to different countries and moved to Palestine.

Today the Palestinians remain subject to Israeli military occupation in the Gaza Strip and 165 "islands'' across the West Bank. Israel still occupies the West Bank, and although it pulled out of Gaza the UN still regards that piece of land as occupied territory. The year 2021 was one in which Israel advanced ties with its Arab allies, while war broke out with the Palestinians. Israel's foreign relations are influenced primarily by Israel's strategic situation in the Middle East, the broader Arab-Israeli conflict and the conflict with Iran particularly over Iran's nuclear program, along with the rejection by regional states. What explains Israel's foreign relation is there are now more Russian Jews living in Israel than in Russia and Russia is the largest source of International Jews in Israel. The internal support that these countries share makes it clear that Isreal and Russia love each other. Israel claims the whole of Jerusalem as its capital, while the Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state.

Following the end of WWII, the newly formed united nations proposed a plan that granted 55% of historic Palestine to a Jewish state and 45% to the non-contiguous Arab one.  The Israeli state began building colonies, or settlements, for its Jewish Israeli citizens on Palestinian land it had just occupied. Jews had acquired only 6% of the land in Palestine whereas Israel now controls around 27,000 cubic meters of land, accounting for 85% of historical Palestine.

Israel is the most powerful state in the Middle East. Its military forces may not match the likes of Egypt or Turkey in numbers, but the might of its training, equipment, technologies and nuclear weapons make it unassailable. Given its long-developed capabilities in public order control, such a position should also apply to its control of radical dissent within its borders, as well as in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Leaders have met in Paris to discuss peace between Israel and Palestine, but decades of mistrust and the changing US presidency spell trouble in the coming days.

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