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Quantum Computing and Artificial Intelligence




Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been quite a buzz, especially since the last few years. AI is technology redefined, no doubt, and it has the potential of changing how we see the world in the coming years. It can be considered as the upcoming “face” for many leading industries, and AI's potential makes the future that exciting.

AI’s abilities can be compared with that of a brain, which can think and eventually influence the actions of a machine or a computer; it can also learn (through its useful ally — Machine Learning) as the world around it progresses. These attributes of AI make it a powerful tool, and explain the excitement around it. AI can definitely be useful for the global industry, through assisting (or taking over) humans, owing to their ability to perform repetitive tasks with utmost precision. 

Completing mundane tasks may be the agenda for many industries as of now, but it is far from what AI is truly capable of. That said, AI’s ability to think like a human mind underlines the requirement of a host machine to explore its full potential. One of the best hosts that AI could make use of is currently up and rising: Quantum Computers. 

In a broader viewpoint, quantum computers are not something which would replace our everyday smart-gadgets; they are a service which would be accessible to the public (like supercomputers). From business owners to tech-enthusiasts, everyone could get their hands on the powers of quantum computing in the very near future. Quantum computers possess unparalleled computational powers, making them capable of providing new solutions as well as enhancing the existing ones.

As exciting as it sounds, quantum computing is based on one of the most successful theories of modern science: quantum physics. Quantum computers, machines which carry quantum-central algorithms at their core, make use of crucial principles of quantum physics to achieve breakthroughs in various fields of science; one such principle is the principle of quantum superposition. To illustrate its working, we have to interpret how classical computers encode data: through a series of unending combinations of 0s and 1s, usually known as bits. Revolutionarily, quantum computers have something known as qubits, which have equal possibilities of containing a 0, a 1, or even both at the same time. This superpositional character of qubits, allows quantum computers to “see colours where there is a lack of light” — identifying solutions and possibilities in fields, where opportunities are bleak.

With quantum-infused algorithms at their core, quantum computers can simulate complex processes far more efficiently than traditional supercomputers, encouraging rapid innovation within a field, and leading to accurate interpretations of lesser known processes. As sophisticated as they sound, quantum computers have been put into use within various businesses, and the response has been nothing less than futuristic. They have the potential to increase economic productivity by a multifold, but is it really all that promising?

Definitely quantum computers have pushed our limits of innovation, productivity and scientific breakthroughs to higher thresholds, but their power, if misused, can lead to huge security breaches resulting in massive loss of valuable data from large organisations and even governments. Hence, advancement in AI and quantum computing also call for the usage of the safest modes of security and encryption: something that needs to be revolutionised as well, in order to keep up with the pace of such revolutionary technological advancements.

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