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Quarks, Leptons, and Nobel Tech: Tiny Particles, Big Impact

Badhe Badhe shehero mei aisi chhoti chhoti baate hoti reheti hai. But, this time “chhoti chhoti baatein” made a huge impact. Nanoparticles are now making the headlines. The 2023 Nobel Prize winners, Alex Ekimov, Moungi Bawendi and Louis E. Brus, did some groundbreaking research on these tiny dudes, and here’s how it’s useful for you.

Nanoparticles are used extensively for cancer treatment, they are just like the stealthy spies, they go inside our body and look for those annoying cells. Just like Satyajeet Ray’s Feluda (the author tried too hard). These are like Pharmeasy, they deliver the medicine right where it's needed. These go way beyond, and trust me when i say this SIZE DOESN’T MATTER. Let us get a better understanding of what these really are! l

The fundamental particles that make up all we know in the appealing field of particle physics are quarks and leptons. Leptons, like electrons, are fundamental on their own, whereas quarks are the minute components found inside protons and neutrons. We now know more about these particles because of the research of Nobel Prize-winning scientists like Murray Gell-Mann and Richard Feynman.

They made revolutionary scientific breakthroughs that gave rise to technology like nanoparticles and quantum dots. The precise medication administration and imaging processes in medicine involve nanoparticles, which are exceedingly small particles. In contrast, quantum dots, which are tiny semiconductor particles, are revolutionising devices, including solar cells and bright screens. These tiny particles, which improve healthcare and provide energy for our electronics, have a significant influence on how we live our daily lives. We are opening up fresh opportunities and enhancing the world one small particle at a time thanks to the amazing brains that made these discoveries.

By Afreen Hossain

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