The Battle of Asal Uttar was a significant event in the history of warfare and was one of the largest tank battles fought during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. It was fought from 8 to 10 September 1965. The battle took place on the western side of India, near the town of Khem Karan, Punjab. The battle arose due to an ongoing debate between India and Pakistan over the state of Kashmir. Both countries claimed sovereignty over the region of Kashmir which led to many battles and attacks from both sides. The Battle of Asar was part of a larger conflict, with the objective of capturing the strategic town of Asar, located in the northern region of Kashmir. The town was crucial for both sides due to its major supply routes and its potential as a launching pad for future offensives.
The Pakistani Army, under the command of Major General Yahya Khan, launched a surprise attack on the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, with the aim of capturing it. However, the Indian Army, under the leadership of Lieutenant General Harbaksh Singh, successfully repelled the Pakistani attack. The turning point of the battle was when the Indian Army successfully destroyed the Patton tanks of the Pakistani Army, which were considered superior in quality and firepower. The Indian soldiers, armed with their indigenous Vijayanta tanks, showcased their exceptional skills and defeated them.
One of the key factors contributing to India's success was the bravery and determination of its soldiers. Despite being outnumbered and outgunned, they displayed immense valour and fought with unwavering resolve. The soldiers' courage, coupled with their effective use of artillery and air support, played a pivotal role in the outcome of the battle.
By Simran Kaur Anand